In Gumla District the important minerals like Bauxite and Laterite (Aluminium ore) are found in villages of Amkipani, Langdatanr, Chirodih, Jalim, Narma, Bahagara and Gurdari of Bishunpur block, Langatanr, Lupungpat and Chota-Agiatu in Chainpur block and Harup, Serengdag and Jalim in Ghaghra block. The total number of Bauxite mines is Twenty one . Beside these china clay is also found in some part of the district. Other mining activities like stone crusher, Brick kiln and stone chip mining lease are also available in different part of the district.
The major component of soil is Laterite, which comes from abrasion of ancient Lava and finally comes into existence in form of Laterite & Bauxite. In fact, there are different types of rocks in the whole district. These rocks are of different Physical, Chemical and organic properties. The humidity of the soil in hilly area is less than that of the plain area. In local language the higher land is known as ' TANR ' where as the lower land is known as 'DON'.
Flora & Fauna:
Gumla district has about 27% of forest area . Important forest products are Saal seeds, Kokun, Lac, Tendu leaves, Karanj, Chiraunji etc. The major trees are Sal Bija, Gamhar, Kathal, Jamun, Mango , Bamboo , Neem etc.
There are three main rivers i.e. North Koyel , South Koyel and Sankh. Sankh River emerges from Rajadera village of Chainpur block.